Home Business Intelligence Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know

Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know

Multi-Tenant Structure: What You Want To Know


Multi-tenant structure, often known as multitenancy, has change into an more and more vital idea in at this time’s software improvement paradigm, largely because of the increase in cloud computing and software-as-a-service (SaaS) enterprise fashions. The place SaaS permits us to ship purposes over the web as a service, multitenancy permits corporations to develop and scale purposes quicker and extra effectively by permitting them to share sources amongst completely different customers.

However what precisely is multitenancy and why are corporations constructing their purposes utilizing multi-tenant structure? Right here we reply these questions and introduce the principle advantages of multi-tenant structure.

What Is Multi-Tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure is a design method that permits a number of consumer teams — known as tenants — entry to at least one occasion of an software or system. That is very like an house constructing, the place varied tenants have their very own residences. All of the residences are non-public and safe however share the identical infrastructure.

Apartment block as an example of multitenancy
An house block for example of multitenancy

This kind of structure permits corporations to save cash on infrastructure prices through the use of the identical {hardware} sources for a number of situations of the identical software for a number of tenants. It’s particularly useful for SaaS corporations as a result of it permits them to scale their purposes and stay cost-effective.

How Does Multi-Tenant Structure Work?

Multi-tenant structure creates distinct, remoted environments inside a single bodily infrastructure, equivalent to a digital machine, server, or cloud platform. That is achieved by partitioning the information storage and processing; offering every tenant with their very own devoted area within the system. A tenant interacts with the applying and may entry their very own information.

Tenants refers to:

  • Customers and consumer teams inside your organization (departments, groups, particular person workers)
  • Customers and consumer teams outdoors your organization (distributors, enterprise companions)
  • Prospects (subscribers or purchasers) who buy your product

As a result of each multi-tenant atmosphere is separated from each other, they are often personalized to satisfy the wants of every particular person tenant with out impacting different environments. Tenants can personalize options equivalent to consumer interface design and information safety settings for his or her atmosphere. Moreover, completely different units of guidelines might be utilized to every area when it comes to entry management, useful resource allocation, and have availability.

How Is Multi-Tenant Structure Totally different From Single-Tenant Structure?

The principle distinction between multitenancy and single-tenancy is how they deal with useful resource sharing throughout a number of customers or tenants. In single-tenant structure, every tenant has a devoted occasion with their very own set of {hardware} and software program sources. This implies every consumer group should pay for their very own {hardware} and software program prices, in addition to any upkeep prices related to working a devoted occasion for every tenant.

Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant architecture
Single-tenant vs. multi-tenant structure

In multi-tenant structure, tenants share a single set of {hardware} and software program sources. This ends in decrease overhead prices since upkeep charges are shared throughout all consumer teams who make the most of these shared sources.

The desk beneath exhibits the principle variations between single-tenant and multi-tenant structure.

Single-tenant structure Multi-tenant structure
Every tenant has a devoted occasion of the applying and its sources A number of tenants share a single occasion of the applying and its sources
Scaling requires provisioning and managing particular person situations for every tenant Simpler scalability as a number of tenants might be accommodated inside a single occasion
Safer attributable to remoted environments Safety measures contain making certain information isolation and stopping unauthorized entry
Much less cost-efficient: {hardware} and software program for every consumer is paid individually Extra cost-efficient because of shared infrastructure and platform
Unbiased upkeep and upgrades for every tenant’s occasion Centralized upkeep, updates, and upgrades that apply to all tenants
Slower deployment: every tenant requires particular person setup and configuration Sooner deployment: new tenants might be added inside the current setup

Be aware that with single-tenancy there are sometimes further complexities associated to managing completely different variations of code throughout a number of situations. Corporations can face a state of affairs the place completely different tenants use completely different variations of the applying. Whereas with multitenancy, all customers use a single model of code, which significantly simplifies administration over time —  updates might be deployed throughout all customers mechanically as an alternative of getting them utilized individually.

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What Are the Advantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure affords a number of advantages for companies seeking to transfer their purposes to the cloud or deploy SaaS options. A number of the most notable benefits embrace:


With one software with the ability to serve a number of tenants, corporations can simply scale up or down shortly and effectively with out managing a number of devoted methods. This scalability makes it a lot simpler to accommodate seasonal spikes in demand or modify utilization primarily based on buyer wants.

Price Financial savings

Multitenancy permits corporations to scale back prices by leveraging shared sources as an alternative of getting separate methods devoted to at least one tenant at a time. This implies companies needn’t spend money on further servers or {hardware} to satisfy buyer calls for, serving to to save cash in the long term.

Elevated Effectivity

Multi-tenant structure will increase effectivity by permitting a number of tenants to share sources equivalent to compute energy and cupboard space with out sacrificing efficiency. This makes it simpler for companies to handle giant workloads with out having to spend money on further {hardware} or software program licenses.

Straightforward Upkeep/Administration

Multi-tenant structure is far simpler to take care of and handle than single-tenant structure as a result of all tenants share the identical underlying codebase and platform. This implies companies don’t have to fret about managing a number of variations of their software throughout completely different platforms — they will concentrate on managing one model throughout all tenants.


In multi-tenant structure, tenants can customise their assigned atmosphere to satisfy their particular person wants and preferences by establishing distinctive configurations, choices, and branding. This enables tenants to successfully use the shared multi-tenant software for his or her particular use circumstances, equivalent to filtering information by completely different branches or places and creating specified metrics and dashboards.

Tenant Privateness

Every tenant receives entry to a devoted area the place they will analyze their information and look at their dashboards. This area can both be separated from different tenants’ entry or accessible to a licensed consumer group; the place every tenant is restricted by their assigned position and devoted permission in an effort to handle the analytics atmosphere.

What Are the Disadvantages of Multi-tenant Structure?

Multi-tenant structure continues to achieve recognition amongst SaaS corporations. However, it is very important be aware that alongside its quite a few benefits, there are some disadvantages that require cautious consideration.

Safety Points If Incorrectly Applied

Poorly applied multitenancy can result in points equivalent to unauthorized entry and information misuse. To nullify such threats, these purposes require cautious design and administration to make sure tenant isolation and safe information storage.

A very powerful factor is to authorize the entry of finish customers. Purposes that can be utilized for this objective embrace Okta, Auth0, and Azure Lively Listing. Such purposes allow organizations to handle authentication, authorization, and id administration capabilities.

Extra Information Necessities

Serving a number of purchasers in a single occasion of an software/database means implementing further logic for tenant separation, information filtering, and tenant identification to make sure correct information isolation and safety. If the setup of a multi-tenant atmosphere is well-documented and the required sources are made accessible to clients, it will probably doubtlessly assist scale back the information required through the setup course of. Nonetheless, if clients encounter any difficulties or have questions, it is crucial that the applying suppliers have a workforce of execs prepared to help and handle buyer points.

System Outages

Multi-tenant purposes rely closely on the applying supplier for upkeep and upgrades. Any technical points that come up on the supplier’s aspect can doubtlessly impression all tenants, affecting points equivalent to service availability, system upgrades, and different world processes.

To mitigate points, many suppliers select to construct their purposes as a set of microservices which are deployed, for instance, in Kubernetes — an open supply platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and administration of containerized purposes. Microservice structure can deliver advantages equivalent to scalability, fault isolation, and impartial deployment. This might help reduce outages that have an effect on finish customers and make sure the clean operation of the applying.

Multi-Tenant Structure Examples

instance of multi-tenant structure is in cloud computing and software-as-a-service purposes. Public clouds equivalent to Amazon Net Companies (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) present the identical infrastructure for a number of completely different customers concurrently. Every buyer can handle their very own digital machines, cupboard space, databases, and many others., of their cloud occasion, however can’t entry different clients’ providers or information.

Equally, SaaS purposes like Gmail, Dropbox, and Netflix enable a number of clients to make use of a single occasion with out compromising different customers’ experiences. Once we learn emails in Gmail, save information in Dropbox, or watch our favourite present on Netflix, numerous different customers are doing the identical factor on the identical time. But they continue to be invisible to us and vice versa — that is the ability of multitenancy.

Multi-Tenant Structure in Analytics

Multi-tenant analytics is a kind of analytics use case that leverages multi-tenant structure. Analytics and enterprise intelligence platforms that help multitenancy enable corporations to share dashboards and report capabilities to completely different consumer teams in a safe and cost-efficient means whereas using the identical sources.

Multi-tenant analytics and BI architecture
Multi-tenant analytics and BI structure

instance of this can be a B2B firm that gives analytics to all of its clients utilizing a multi-tenant analytics platform. The corporate can present every buyer with their very own remoted occasion of the analytics — with information solely related to them. All clients share the identical platform and its sources, however can’t entry one another’s information. The corporate can simply create a brand new analytics atmosphere each time it must onboard a brand new buyer. Updates like new metrics, visualizations, or dashboard designs might be pushed out shortly and simply throughout all buyer situations, streamlining the administration and scaling of the analytics.

Multi-Tenant Structure and GoodData

GoodData’s analytics and enterprise intelligence platform is designed for constructing multi-tenant analytics purposes. The platform makes use of workspace structure to make sure and allow the multi-tenant use case.

A workspace is a logical container for consumer teams to investigate and visualize information. Every consumer group, equivalent to completely different departments, companions, or clients, has its personal devoted workspace containing the entire obligatory parts — a logical information mannequin, user-access administration, metrics, charts, dashboards, and extra. This enables them to shortly and simply entry, analyze, and ship actionable insights from their information.

Analytics workspaces in GoodData
Workspace hierarchy in GoodData

These analytical workspaces are fully remoted from each other; customers in a single workspace can’t view the information and analytics of different workspaces except they’re granted permission. Moreover, GoodData’s workspaces can help limitless customers with out incurring additional prices, making it straightforward to scale analytics in a safe and cost-effective vogue.

Need To Attempt It Your self?

If you’re in search of a multi-tenant answer on your analytics, why not register for the free GoodData trial and see how straightforward it’s to create a multi-tenant atmosphere your self?

Why not strive our 30-day free trial?

Absolutely managed, multi-tenant analytics platform. Get on the spot entry — no set up or bank card required.

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